All Main Rituals of Hindu Marriage

Today in this article we have told about all the major rituals of Hindu marriage. It is considered very important to perform these Hindu wedding rituals well in marriage. Whether a Hindu person is Amir or poor perform these rituals or rituals during their marriage.

Perhaps the oldest religion in the world is Hinduism, with an estimated historical heritage dating back to 3000 BC. Many of its traditions lasted for ages and some were destroyed in a short time. Hindu marriage is a very sacred ceremony of ceremonial rites consisting of many timeless rituals and customs. It is said that marriage is the bond through which not only two hearts meet, but two families meet.

After this ritual, the life of both the families including the bride and groom changes completely. Therefore, it is necessary to take many important precautions regarding marriage. After marriage, the life of the bride and groom is happy and full of happiness. Vivah (Sanskrit: Vivah) is called Vivah in North India and Kalyanam in South India.

In ancient times, these traditions and rituals were extended for many days, but in today's busy society it is difficult to adjust to such a schedule. That is why today many of these traditions are performed during the night before the wedding ceremony. Hindu rituals provide an opportunity not only on the bride, but also on the coming together of two families. The two families have been involved in several customs to clarify this theme.

Sagai :-

Engagement is considered one of the most important wedding rituals not only in Hindu weddings, but also in other religions. This event usually takes place a few days before the wedding. During this program the heads of both the families formally announce the marriage of their children to the invited guests. After this the bride and groom change the rings to strengthen their relationship.

Mehandi :-

The ceremony involves applying henna to the bride's hands and feet (in some states it is also applied to the groom). This beautiful event often takes place in the evening amidst dance-music by family members and friends.

After applying henna, the bride has to sit for several hours so that her color shines well on the hands. The female guest present in the house also gets henna applied in her hands. This joyous festival is often celebrated by singing traditional songs and playing traditional instruments like dholak.


In this program, all the women of the family gather and do music and dance. It is worth noting that not only is this event fun but wedding planners also swear that it allows both the parties to forget about the worries of the marriage for a while. That is why this program is specially selected.

Tilak :-

Tilak's program is considered to be the first step in the relationship between the two families. This auspicious work is mostly done at the residence of the groom, where the bride's brother comes to apply kumkum on the groom's forehead.

Although many forms of Tilak ritual are seen in different parts of the state, only one of them is mentioned in general. Apart from this, music and dance are also a major part of this program in many states of the country.


In this program, a paste of turmeric is applied on the body of the bride before or in the morning of the marriage. In some states of India this function is conducted after the Mehndi ritual. The work of turmeric is done on the auspicious day of the bride and groom to beautify them.

Baraat Agaman:-

In this program, the groom reaches the bride's house along with his father, relatives and friends for marriage. The bride's parents, family and friends present tilak, aarti and garlands along with the Achat and honor the guests who come in the procession.

Dwar Puja:-

When the procession for marriage arrives at the door, first of all the 'bride' is welcomed. Thereafter, the bride and the bridegroom sit facing each other and perform Shatkarma, Kalava, Tilak, Kalashpujan, Guruvandana, Gauri-Ganesh worship, Sarvadevanamaskar, Swastivachan. After this, the bridegroom performs all the acts of hospitality like Asana, Arghya, Paadya, Achaman, Madhuparka etc.

Jaimala :-

In this program, first the bride and groom garland each other with flowers, after that first the groom's side then the bride's side blesses the bride and groom. Jayamala means that both have accepted each other as husband and wife.

Kanyadan :-

The ceremony of Kanyadaan is a very delicate moment for the parents of the girl child. During this, the girl's parents pour holy water in their daughter's hand and keep it in the groom's hand. During this, a knot is tied in the bride's dupatta along with the bride's sari. It consists of betel nut, copper coins and rice, which is considered a symbol of unity, prosperity and happiness.

This ritual signifies that now the parental responsibility towards the bride is over and the bride is now only the responsibility of her husband. The father promises the groom that he will fulfill his daughter's three basic needs throughout her life: Dharma, Artha and Kama.

Mangal Phere:-

Every marriage is incomplete without the ritual of Mangal pheras. In Mangal pheras, the bride and groom walk around the fire. In the first three rounds, the bride walks forward which represents divine energy. Whereas in the last four rounds the groom walks forward, which signifies balance and perfection. Groom Taking seven vows with seven rounds, the bride swears to keep it together for life, considering fire as a witness.

Shoe Hiding Ceremony:-

Shoe hiding is done for the bride's sisters i.e. the groom's brother-in-law. In this ritual, the bride's sister hides the groom's shoes and instead of giving them, asks for money or gifts from the groom. The groom gives money or gifts according to him, then he gets the shoes back. This shoe hiding ceremony is a very laughable ritual. Shoe hide and seek game is meant to show the acceptance and open heart of both sides of the family.


The farewell ceremony is the most emotional in a marriage. During this ritual, the bridegroom bids farewell to the bride and takes her home. During this, the sorrow of being separated from her daughter is reflected in the eyes of the girl's family in the form of tears. Before crossing the door of the house, she throws three handfuls of rice and coins over her head at her house.